Computer programs are protected under the U.S. Copyright Act. The owner of the copyright holds the right to exclude others from copying their software, making works derivative of it, and from distributing or using it.

To prove a claim of copyright infringement a plaintiff must demonstrate:

– Ownership of a valid copyright;

– Copying the

no_copyright.pngIt is no secret that U.S. Copyright law prohibits copying a copyrighted work such as a movie, tv show or music album without the permission of the owner of the copyright. Recently a number of lawsuits have targeted users who have downloaded copyrighted works via torrents.

How is a person identified as having illegally downloaded